IVs have become essential medical supplies for hospitals and even some doctors’ offices. If you are responsible for purchasing at a hospital, you must know what IVs are and the different types. Indeed, knowing this information will ensure that the hospital or doctor’s office you work for will be able to provide the best medical care possible. In this article, we will go over what IVs are and the three primary categories into which they are classified.
What Is an IV
IVs act as a delivery system to introduce certain items into the patient’s body. Blood, medication, or other fluids are delivered into the body through an IV. IVs are most commonly inserted into a vein in your arm but may be put in different places depending on the patient’s condition.
A peripheral IV is the most commonly used IV in a medical situation. Peripheral IVs are for patients that are admitted into the emergency room or for surgical patients. Peripheral IVs are inserted into the hand or arm of the patient through a device called a cannula. A cannula is a small plastic tube that helps introduce medicine into the patient’s body. Also, doctors recommend that you do not leave a peripheral IV in a patient for more than a few days. The reason for this is that it can lead to skin irritation and other adverse effects for the patient.
If you have a patient that needs an IV for more than a few days, then you should get some midline catheters. Doctors and other medical professionals consider midline catheters to be a less invasive form of IVs. The reason behind this is that a midline catheter requires a more prominent vein, which means it will be inserted higher up on the arm. When the IV is higher on a patient’s arm, it allows for greater mobility with regard to the patient. Also, midline catheters are for older patients, since it may be more difficult for the doctor or nurse to find a vein. It would be best if you did not leave a midline catheter in a patient for longer than a month.
Central lines are for patients that need fluids, blood, or other medications for an extended amount of time. Also, central lines are the most difficult of IVs to insert inside a patient. Doctors prefer to put central lines in the neck, inner thigh, or below the shoulder. To enter the IV in a patient, a medical professional will use an ultrasound to help them find the vein. Additionally, central line IVs are great if you need to introduce medicine into a patient immediately. The reason behind this is that a central line has a direct line to the heart, which means it will travel through the body a lot quicker.
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